Ringo’s Dérive in A Hard Day’s Night (1964).


Richard Lester’s film collaboration with The Beatles, A Hard Day’s Night (1964), has been attributed many aspects of foreshadowing modern culture.  From the almost accidental invention of the surrealism-infused music video to the defining of pre-counter-culture 1960s Britain and London, … Continue reading

Cinematic Identity Crises and Francis Bacon – Part 1 (Performance).


Introduction The paintings of Francis Bacon have been so often alluded to within post-1960s British cinema that it more often than not loses a sense of consistent meaning and turns more readily into a repeated meme for cultural acknowledgement.  Since … Continue reading

The Fårö Landscape and Relationships in Scenes From A Marriage (1973) – Ingmar Bergman.


Scenes From A Marriage was Ingmar Bergman’s first successful attempt to work in the medium of serialised television.  It signposts many of the changes that the director would make during his work in the decade of the 1970s from an … Continue reading

Alchemical Magic in Derek Jarman’s The Tempest (1979).


Forever a cinematic alchemist – a sage that conjured and devoured celluloid before the eventual ritualistic sacrifice- Derek Jarman is the perfect suitor to Shakespeare’s The Tempest (1979); a play whose heart is bathed in the tragedy and power of … Continue reading

Valerie And Her Week Of Wonders (1970) – Duality Through Sound And Vision (Part 4).


Part 1. Part 2. Part 3. Conclusions. Whilst this essay has attempted to be as detailed as possible in its readings of Valerie And Her Week Of Wonders, there’s little doubt that covering every aspect of the film would be an … Continue reading

Repetition, Adorno and 71 Fragments Of A Chronology Of Chance (Haneke).


Much has been written about the stark comparisons between the cinema of Michael Haneke and the culture theories of the Frankfurt School of philosophy.  In the 2010 book, A Companion To Michael Haneke, Roy Grundmann devotes a whole essay in … Continue reading

Electronic Music And Mental Illness In Cinema.


This article contains narrative spoilers. From its very earliest occurrences, electronic instrumentation and music has been used in cinema to signpost various aspects of mental health problems and issues within diegetic characters.  Alongside its uses in creating alien worlds, electronic … Continue reading

The Night Of The Hunter (1955) And The Death Waltz – Charles Laughton.


One of the best and most underrated moments from Charles Laughton’s The Night Of The Hunter (1955), the scene that captures the murder of Willa (Shelly Winters) after a prolonged period of brainwashing by Preacher Harry Powell (Robert Mitchum), is … Continue reading

Demise Of The Rural in Requiem For A Village (1976) And “Going, Going” (Philip Larkin).


I thought it would be last my time – The sense that, beyond the town, There would always be fields and farms, Where the village louts could climb Such trees as were not cut down; I knew there’d be false … Continue reading

Falconry, H Is For Hawk, and Powell & Pressburger.


After recently finishing Helen Macdonald’s excellent book, H Is For Hawk, a number of connections and synchronicities emerged that all seemed in some way to tie in to its various chapters and ideas.  Whilst many of these were of a … Continue reading